2014 Subway Series

New York Subway @ Boston Subway

Game 2

Game Rosters Line Score Box Score Score Card Game Notes CBA

The 2014 Subway Series
is a best-of-seven-games contest.

Game 2

The underground tunnels created for the new rapid transit systems helped replace horse power with electric power.

In the case of the Boston and New York City systems, the decision to replace the horse as the source of traction was not easy or direct.

Horse power was fading irretrievably, but electricity had to battle steam and other motive force candidates. For example, in Scotland, The Glasgow District Subway, a deep tunnel road, under construction in 1894, was to be powered by cable. (See William Barclay Parsons' "Report to the Board of Rapid Transit Railroad Commissioners in and for the City of New York on Rapid Transit in Foreign Cities", New York, 1894.)

Numerous types of motive power, principally steam, cable, electricity, and compressed air, were, at this time [late 19th century], either in use or proposed for rapid transit systems throughout the world. Each offered technical advantages, each had its own peculiar drawbacks. (Source: Historic American Engineering Record Survey Number HAER NY-122, pp. 283-264.By Barbara Kimmelman 1978)

New York was ambivalent when choosing the force to power its subway system. (see the chapter "William Whitney's Missed Opportunity" in Doug Most's book The Race Underground.)

Boston's rapid transit system supporters, under the more decisive leadership of William Whitney's brother, Henry, decided in 1888, to go electric.

"In 1888, there were six thousand miles of street railway systems across the United States, and more than 90 percent of those miles were operated by horses. Only eighty-six miles claimed electricity as the power source, and the remaining miles were powered either by cable-pulled street cars or tiny steam locomotives. As for the streetcars themselves , 21,736 were pulled by horses, 2,777 by cable, 258 by steam, and just 166 by electricity. It was very much a horse-pulled world when Henry Whitney and Frank Sprague turned Boston, and the rest of the country, in a new direction. Boston was going to be the first major city to say good-bye to the horse and welcome the age of the electric trolley." (see the chapter ""History Made in Richmond" in Doug Most, The Race Underground. Most gets his numbers from William J. Clark, "Electric Railways in America, From a Business Standpoint," Cassier's Magazine, vol 16, 1899, 519.)

The 2014 Subway Series is a best of seven contest. The third game will be scheduled in July.

Game Rosters

New York Subway Roster
Abram Hewitt

Elected Mayor of New York City in 1886. On February 5, 1888 the New York Times quotes Hewitt who claims New York has the "imperial destiny as the greatest city in the world."

William Parsons

In 1894 Parsons was appointed chief engineer of New York City's Rapid Transit Commission. He became responsible for updating and moderning the city's public transportation system.

John McDonald

McDonald's bid of $35 million to build the New York subway was approved in January 1900 by New York City's Rapid Transit Commission.

August Belmont, Jr.

Belmont was appointed to the New York City Rapid Transit Commission in 1891 by Mayor Hugh Grant. Belmont helped arrange the finances to build the New York City subway. He created the Interbororugh Rapid Transit Company (IRT) to operate the subway after it was built.

Alfred Beach

Began editing the Scientific American magazine in 1846. In 1870 he buildt a pneumatic subway tube under Warren and Murray streets near Broadway in New York City.

Abraham Brower

Early designer of the multi-passenger vehicle. In 1827 he introduced a horse-drawn carriage capable of carrying 12 people 2 miles up and down Broadway in New York City.

Walter Bowne

Mayor of New York City in 1832 and a witness on November 26 when the New York and Harlem Railroad Company demonstrated a horse-drawn omnibus moving 30 passengers on tracks near Bond Street.

William Steinway

In 1891, after previously building a successful piano manufacturing company, Steinway was appointed to the New York City Rapid Transit Commission in 1891 by Mayor Hugh Grant.

William Whitney

American political leader and businessman. While serving as the 31st Secretary of the Navy in Grover Cleveland's first administration he was planning to takeover the New York City street railroads. Whitney gambled that cable technology would propel the new rapid transit systems of the future and his association with the Metropolitan Traction Company spawned the Metropolitan Street Railway Company which was to be powered by cable.

"Of all the important moves that William Whitney would make in his life, his choice to pursue a fading technology like cable rather than to follow his brother's lead and embrace the electric streetcar would be his greatest miscalculation." (Most, page 152)

Boston Subway Roster
Michael Meehan

In April 1894, as a Jamaica Plain resident and respected building contractor, Meehan spoke out against the city's subway plans: "I think it is a very expensive method of solving the [conjested streets] problem, and I think we are not going to get proper results for the expenditure." (Boston Daily Advertiser, April 30,1894) Ironically, in March 1895 Meehan's company was awarded the contract to build the city of Boston's subway for just under $140,000.

Henry Higginson

A member of the Commission to Promote Rapid Transit for the City of Boston and its Suburbs. Higginson was appointed to the new commission by Mayor Nathan Matthews in 1891 ten years after Higginson founded the Boston Symphony Orchestra.

John Fitzgerald

A member of the Rapid Transit Commission in 1892 and contributor to that commission's Report to the Massachusetts Legislature by the Commission to Promote Rapid Transit for the City of boston and Its Suburbs (April 5, 1892). Fitzgerald thought a steam powered subway would be better than one powered by electricity.

Daniel Longstreet

At the age of 18 Longstreet took a job as a conductor of a horsecar for the Union Railway Company in Rhode Island. In 1888, he became the general manager of Henry Whitney's Boston-based West End Street Railway Company.

Calvin Richards

Richards was president of the Metropolitan Railroad Company in Boston.

James Reed

On September 1, 1987 motorman Reed drove the first electric streetcar into the new Boston subway tunnel entrance at Boylston Street between Arlington and Charles Streets.

Joe Meigs

In 1890 Meigs invented a steam-powered elevated monorail which he described as "an absolute solution of the problem of rapid transit." In 1894 Bostonians embraced his rapid transit ideas.

Nathan Matthews, Jr.

Matthews was the 33rd Mayor of Boston from 1891-1894 and has been called the "father of the [Boston] subway." (see Most, page 192)

Henry Whitney

Henry Melville Whitney, born in Conway, Massachusetts was an American industrialist. In 1886 he founded the West End Street Railway Company of Boston, Massachusetts. Whitney invested time and money in a vast array of enterprises in the shipping, coal and rapid transit fields. In 1888 he used electricity to replace the 10,000 horses that were being used to move his West End Street Railway cars. Despite his vast industrial activity, Henry Whitney died in Brookline, Massachusetts with an estate worth only $1,221.


Line Score

Box Score

Score Card

     Inn. 1:  New York Subway
[Starter] WhitneyH
Hewitt            1B         . . X
Parsons           1B         . X X
McDonald          HR         . . . 3
Belmont           1B         . . X
Beach             K          . . X
Brower            2B         X X .
Bowne             E-3        X . X 1
Steinway          6-4-3 DP   . . .
     Inn. 1: Boston Subway
[Starter] WhitneyW
Meehan            6-3        . . .
Higginson         1B         . . X
Fitzgerald        2B         . X .
X@4:Higginson     8-2        . X .
Longstreet        7          . X .
     Inn. 2:  New York Subway
WhitneyW           4-3        . . .
Hewitt            8          . . .
Parsons           9          . . .
     Inn. 2: Boston Subway
Richards          K          . . .
Reed              6-3        . . .
Meigs             1B         . . X
Matthews          BB         . X X
WhitneyH           9          . X X
     Inn. 3:  New York Subway
McDonald          2 (Foul)   . . .
Belmont           6-3        . . .
Beach             6-3        . . .
     Inn. 3: Boston Subway
Meehan            1B         . . X
Higginson         8          . . X
Fitzgerald        2B         X X .
Longstreet        E-6        X . X 1
Richards          2B         X X . 1
Reed              5-3        X X .
Meigs             6-3        X X .
     Inn. 4:  New York Subway
Brower            8          . . .
Bowne             K          . . .
Steinway          4-3        . . .
     Inn. 4: Boston Subway
Matthews          K          . . .
WhitneyH           K          . . .
Meehan            6          . . .
     Inn. 5:  New York Subway
WhitneyW           1B         . . X
Hewitt            8          . . X
Parsons           2B         X X .
McDonald          K          X X .
                  PB         X . . 1
Belmont           1B         . . X 1
Beach             3-1        . X .
     Inn. 5: Boston Subway
Higginson         E-3        . . X
Fitzgerald        K          . . X
Longstreet        1B         . X X
Richards          BB         X X X
Reed              2-3        X X . 1
Meigs             6          X X .
     Inn. 6:  New York Subway
Brower            8          . . .
Bowne             1B         . . X
Steinway          1B         . X X
WhitneyW           5-3 SAC    X X .
Hewitt            5          X X .
     Inn. 6: Boston Subway
Matthews          2B         . X .
WhitneyH           1B         X . X
Meehan            4-6-3 DP   . . . 1
Higginson         9          . . .
     Inn. 7:  New York Subway
Parsons           BB         . . X
McDonald          6-4-3 DP   . . .
Belmont           2B         . X .
Beach             K          . X .
     Inn. 7: Boston Subway
Fitzgerald        6-3        . . .
Longstreet        6-3        . . .
Richards          1B         . . X
Reed              8          . . X
     Inn. 8:  New York Subway
Brower            K          . . .
Bowne             9          . . .
Steinway          1B         . . X
WhitneyW           4-3        . X .
     Inn. 8: Boston Subway
Meigs             9          . . .
Matthews          6-3        . . .
WhitneyH           1B         . . X
Meehan            2B         . X .
X@4:WhitneyH       9-2        . X .
     Inn. 9:  New York Subway
Hewitt            3B         X . .
Parsons           9 SACF     . . . 1
McDonald          2B         . X .
Belmont           K          . X .
Beach             8          . X .
     Inn. 9: Boston Subway
Higginson         1B         . . X
Fitzgerald        6          . . X
Longstreet        K          . . X
Richards          K          . . X

New York Subway WINS Game, 7-4
New York Subway Leads Series, 2-0 Games

Game Notes

GAME DATE June 22, 2014
GAME TIME 2 hours, 24 minutes
GAME WEATHER Cloudy, 62oF, Wind SSW 12mph
E. Roy Fitzgerald
President of a Minnesota bus system that began in the 1920s when General Motors named him president of National City Lines (NCL), a holding company incorporated in 1936 to acquire and operate local transit companies. (See "United States vs. National City Lines,"Federal Reporter, 3rd. Series 186 F.2d 562.)

H.C. Grossman
A General Motors Treasurer when convicted and fined $1.00 for his role in the National City Lines assault on electric traction.

Alfred P. Sloan, Jr.
President of General Motors during the so-called "Great American streetcar scandal" when GM and its partners (Standard Oil and Firestone) illegally manipulated the transportation industry so that automobiles and buses (using gasoline) would be favored over streetcars that used electrictiy for traction.
Most Cosmic Player

In 1900, McDonald won the contract to build the New York City subway. (Contract For Construction and Operation of the Rapid Transit Railroad between Board of Rapid Transit Railroad Commissioners with John B. McDonald, plus supplementary agreements, 21 February 1900 (original contract, 1899), p. 172; Board of Rapid Transit Railroad Commissioners, Minutes 1902, p. 413.)
Frank Sprague worked for Thomas Edison in 1883. But Sprague's engineering interests were directed more to the electric motor than the electric light and not a year later he stopped working for Edison and incorporated his own business, the Sprague Electric Railway and Motor Company. It was Sprague'a electric motor that convinced Henry Whitney in 1888 to invest in electricity as the source of traction for his West End Railway streetcars. Later it was Sprague's multi unit control device developed in the 1890s that allowed each trolley car to have its "own electric traction system." "So successful was the multiple unit train that General Electric which had tried to beat Sprague to the same idea and lost, would buy it from him" (Most, p. 300)

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