1998 Newshole Muckrakers
Pitchers
Amanpour Buchwald Halberstam Lippmann McCormick Moyers Rather
Twain Wallace Walters
Infielders/Outfielders
Arnett Bernstein Bowden Cooke Cronkite Hersh Nast
Porter Pyle Sinclair Shirer Thomas Wells Woodward
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The NEWSHOLE MUCKRAKERS is a new cosmic team competing in the cosmic Underleague. The team was created by Bob Greiner and consists of distinguished print and broadcast journalists and publishers.

The word "muckrake" is an American political term first coined by President Theodore Roosevelt in a 1906 speech. Alluding to a character in John Bunyan's allegorical narrative A Pilgrim's Progress, Roosevelt was referring to the habit of journalists who churn up the muck to see what's hidden. Muckrakers seek and publish real and imagined corruption by political and business officials. As such, muckraking is an important part of the democratic process.










Christiane Amanpour

Pitcher




Cable News Network (CNN) reporter.






Peter Arnett

Infield




Cable News Network (CNN) reporter.






Carl Bernstein

Shortstop




Former reporter for the Washington Post






Mark Bowden

Outfield




Philadelphia Inquirer reporter.






Art Buchwald

Pitcher




Political humor columnist






Janet Cooke

Outfield




Washington Post reporter whose Pulitzer Prize was based on a fabricated story.






Walter Cronkite

Rightfield




Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) Television news anchorman.






David Halberstam

Pitcher




Political journalist and author of The Best and the Brightest about the Kennedy presidency.






Seymour Hersh

Centerfield




Investigative journalist.






Walter Lippmann

Pitcher




Longtime columnist on international affairs for the New York Times and the Washington Post.






Anne O'Hare McCormick

Pitcher




New York Times European correspondent and the first woman to win a Pulitzer Prize (1937).






Bill Moyers

Pitcher




Political and cultural correspondent for the Public Broadcasting System (PBS)






Thomas Nast

Leftfield




19th century cartoonist who almost brought down Boss Tweed's corrupt Tammany Hall regime in New York.






Charles Porter, IV

Infield




Pulitzer Prize-winning freelance photographer who took the photo of the fireman cradling a baby after the Oklahoma City bombing.






Ernest Taylor Pyle

Firstbase




During World War II he covered military operations in North Africa, Sicily, Italy, France and the South Pacific. He won the Pultizer Prize in 1944 for his stories conveying the fear and lonliness of American soldiers. Pyle was killed by Japanese gunfire while covering a battle near Okinawa.






Dan Rather

Pitcher




Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) Television news anchorman.






William Lawrence Shirer

Catcher




Journalist who was one of the first to cover the German army early during World War II. He won the 1960 National Book Award for his history of Nazism, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich.






Upton Beall Sinclair

Catcher




His muckraking classic The Jungle (1906) was a graphic account of the meat-packing industry. A lifelong political activist he wrote over 79 books, ran for political office on various socialist tickets and won the Pulitzer Prize for Dragon's Teeth (1942) an account of the rise of Adolph Hitler.






Helen Thomas

Infield




White House correspondent for the Associated Press (AP).






Mark Twain

Pitcher




Also known as Samuel Langhorne Clemens, he adopted the name Mark Twain as a reporter for the Virginia City Territorial Enterprise in 1862.






Mike Wallace

Pitcher




Television journalist for the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS).






Barbara Walters

Pitcher




Television journalist who started her career after graduating from Sarah Lawrence College in 1961 as a writer for the National Broadcasting Company's (NBC) Today show. She became co-host of the program in 1964. In 1976 she left NBC to work for the American Broadcasting Company (ABC).






Ida Bell Wells

Thirdbase




Part owner and editor of the Memphis Free Speech newspaper (1891-1892) in which she launched an anti-lynching crusade. In 1895 she published Red Record, a study of the history of lynching. From 1898 to 1902 she was secretary of the National Afro-American Council. In 1910 she founded the Negro Fellowship League.






Bob Woodward

Secondbase




Investigative reporter for the Washington Post.






Herodotus

Manager & G.M.




Ancient Greek historian called the "father of History". His main work is a history of the Greco-Persian wars from 500 to 479 B.C.






Ben Bradlee

Coach




Editor of the Washington Post.






Rupert Murdoch

Coach




Media mogul.






Joseph Pulitzer

Coach




American journalist and publisher. Founded the school of journalism at Columbia University (1912) and established the Pulitzer prizes "for the encouragement of public service, public morals, American literature, and the advancement of education."






William Randolph Hearst

Team Owner




American newspaper publisher. Inherited the San Francisco Examiner (1887), bought the New York Morning Herald (1895), started the New York Evening Journal (1896). Credited with the development of "yellow journalism."













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Newshole Muckrakers- 1998 Official Team Roster
URL: http://www.cosmicbaseball.com/98nmr.html
Published: February 19
Updated: February 24, 1998
Copyright © 1998 by the Cosmic Baseball Association
email: editor@cosmicbaseball.com

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